In 2016, India tabled the accession instrument with Turkmenistan and its accession to the agreement was approved by the founding members of the Ashgabat Agreement on 1 February 2018. The Ashgabat agreement is a multimodal transport agreement that provides for the creation of an international transport and transit corridor linking Central Asia to the Persian Gulf. The multimodal corridor will consist of road, rail and marine transport. The agreement was originally signed on 25 April 2011 by Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Qatar then withdrew from the agreement in 2013, the same year Kazakhstan applied for membership, which was finally approved in 2015. [6] [7] Pakistan has also joined the agreement since November 2016. [8] [9] India officially joined in February 2018. [10] Since 2017, the port of Chabahar in Iran has established a commercial link between India and Afghanistan without having to cross Pakistani territory. [13] [14] The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015. [15] This agreement will also use the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan (TAT) rail line from 2013, the transport corridor between Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Georgia-Turkey in 2014, the Iran-Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan and TRACECA (Europe-Caucasus-Asia transport corridor), which includes the EU and 14 Eastern European states, the South Caucasus and Central Asia. In March 2016, the Indian government applied for permission to join the agreement. The approval of the founding members of the agreement was approved before its formal accession on 3 February 2018[11] In addition to Turkmenistan, the other founding members of the agreement are Iran, Oman and Uzbekistan, and these countries signed the pact on 25 April 2011. India`s accession to the agreement will take effect on Saturday.

After the cabinet`s agreement, India tabled the membership instrument in Turkmenistan in April 2016. India also signed a bilateral agreement with Tajikistan in 2015 to improve connectivity. Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are already members of INSTC. India`s participation in Eurasian connectivity projects under the Ashgabat agreement will enable a more sustainable approach to the integration process within the EAEU and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Ashgabat agreement will also help to ensure India`s energy needs by diversifying the import market. However, India should not limit itself to expanding trade and trade, but should aim to promote investment and services by linking sources of raw materials, production centres and markets between India and the Eurasian region as a whole. INDIA HAS has joined the Ashgabat agreement, which provides for the establishment of an international transport and transit corridor linking Central Asia to the Persian Gulf to significantly boost trade and investment.