Any discussion of cooperation between heads of state and government on climate change will be of particular interest, given that Mr Modi is committed to combating global warming and the Brazilian president rejects scientific studies on climate change. Last year, Bolsonaro decided not to hold the UN cop-25 climate talks and, although Brazil joined the Indian-led International Solar Alliance (ISA), that was done under his predecessor, President Michel Temer. Message: According to officials, the Action Plan for Strategic Partnerships will serve as a “framework agreement” for plans between the two countries to strengthen defence cooperation, technological exchanges and a logistics agreement. In an interview with reporters, Prime Minister Modi said Bolsonaro`s visit to India had “opened a new chapter in bilateral relations between India and Brazil.” India-Brazil Two-way bilateral investments: Between India and Brazil, there have been significant two-way investments. While Brazilian companies have invested in automotive, it, mining, energy, biofuels, footwear in India, Indian companies have invested in sectors such as IT, pharmacy, energy, agribusiness, mining, mechanical engineering and automotive. Indian companies such as TCS, Wipro, Aditya Birla, Infosys, Cadilla, Mahindra, Renuka Sugars, United Phosphorus, Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Polaris, ONGC, Suzlon, Pricol etc. are present in Brazil. Brazilian companies operating in India include Marco Polo (Automobile), Vale (largest mining company), Stefanini (IT), Gerdau (steel) among others. In total, there are about 55 Indian companies in Brazil, while about 12 Brazilian companies have investments/offices in India. Total investment by Indian companies in Brazil is estimated at nearly $5 billion. According to officials involved in planning the visit, the two countries hope to take their partnership “to the next level” and build on relations between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Bolsonaro, who met twice in 2019. For his part, Bolsonaro said that the two countries had further consolidated their already strong relations by signing 15 agreements providing for cooperation in a number of areas.